Schmidt Hammer Lassen Architects have revealed new visuals of Shanghai’s newest library, the Shanghai East Library in Pudong, Shanghai, China. In 2016, the practice won a three stage international competition to design the new library that will sit adjacent to Century Park in the east part of the city. The project officially broke ground on Wednesday 27 September.
The 115,000m² library, located in Pudong District – the area of the city known for its iconic skyline, will sit immediately next to Century Park -the largest park in the city spread over 140 hectares.
The project is conceived as a singular monolithic object floating above the tree canopy within the park. The main library volume floats above two pavilions that will house a 1000 seat performance venue, exhibition and events space and a dedicated children’s library, that will all open up towards a series of landscaped courtyards and gardens.
丹麦SHL建筑事务所合伙人和上海图书馆东馆设计总监Chris Hardie先生说：”上海图书馆对未来新馆的愿景是创造一个激励、学习、交际和创造的空间。在整个项目进程中，我们始终遵循着SHL理想中图书馆应该有的目标和信念 — 打造一座以人为本的建筑，营造出能够创造交流联系、并且包容开放的空间。我们希望通过设计，将图书馆营造成上海市民的第二个家。”
“The Shanghai Library client had a vision for the library- the future of the library should be a space for inspiration, learning, exchange and creation. Throughout the design process we have followed the same goals and beliefs in what we felt the library should be, that we wanted to create a building that focussed on people and create spaces that are interconnected and inclusive. The aim is to create a building that feels like a second home for the citizens of Shanghai.” said Chris Hardie, Partner at Schmidt Hammer Lassen.
“现代图书馆不仅是一个贮藏和借阅各种资料的场所，更是一个让人愿意驻足停留、社交互动、充满着灵感和惊喜的空间”，他还补充说”对于这样的变化和挑战，我们将其看作是 ‘从书籍到交集 ‘ 的转变。公共图书馆将不再是一个仅仅提供藏书的地方，而更像是一个能将市民与知识、体验、创新力联系起来的积极、活跃的场所。”
“A modern library is not only a place for the storage and lending of different materials, it is also a place to stay, to socialize and a place to be inspired and surprised”. The answer to these changes and challenges are what we refer to as a shift from “collection to connection”. Libraries are not only passive collections, but vibrant institutions connecting users with knowledge, experiences, innovation and not least their fellow citizens”, he added.
图书馆内部，三组错落的开放式阅览空间围绕着一个大型中庭布局，它们连接着图书馆的不同功能区域，分别拥有不同的景观视野 — 东向世纪公园、南向新建图书馆公园，西北朝向浦东城市空间。
The library itself is organised around a grand central atrium in the form of three staggered reading rooms that open up and connect to various parts of the library and various contextual parts of the city from Century Park to the east, a new library park to the south and the city to the north and west.
The library volume is carved and twisted to reflect the surrounding park and sky, and continuously clad in a facade of clear, insulated and fritted glass. The glass panels are arranged in horizontal bands of varying transparency giving the building the appearance of a striated rock with many layers. Clear glass will allow users unobstructed views of the surrounding parkland and cityscape, whilst areas of semi-transparent glass and insulated glass will control solar gain while allowing light to penetrate at high level deep into the building plan. In addition to the open market place floors, and a central atrium to discover new collections, exhibitions and events there will be a series of open reading spaces along each facade allowing patrons to connect back to their city from various points within the library space.
“The design is people-oriented, open and flexible, environment-friendly and interconnected,” said Chen Chao, the curator of Shanghai Library. “Once completed, it will meet all peoples’ demands for functions of an epoch-making public library.”
“One reason for us to choose the design by SHL is it treats a modern library as a place for people to stay and make social interaction,” said Chen, “a shift from collection to connection.”
He added that Shanghai Library on Huaihai Road was designed to be a research-type library and less than 25 percent of its total area was open to the public.
“去年全年，上海图书馆接待的到馆读者数是335万余人次。但图书馆中仅有不超过2000个读者席位。” 陈超说道 。
“Though we have added seats on corridors, there are only fewer than 2,000 seats in the downtown library now,” he said, “it’s more and more difficult to host the increasing visitors. Last year alone, it had 3.35 million visitors.”
The east branch will have about 6,000 seats and be able to serve 4 million visitors and host more than 200 lectures and 1,000 other activities. There will be about 4.8 million books on display.
“After the east branch is opened, it will bear the main function of public service, including lending and reading books, as well as hosting public activities,” said Chen. “The downtown library will focus more on academic research.”
He emphasized that the new building will be a hybrid library, where readers can enjoy both paper and digital reading. Chen also said that it will be inclusive, intelligent and innovative with five main functions – a resource center, a knowledge exchange center, a technology experience center, a think tank and an international communication platform.
The completed library is expected to be open to the public by the end of 2020.
“Creating a building of this size is an enormous challenge,” said Chris Hardie, Partner at Schmidt Hammer Lassen. “The complexity of program spaces required in a new modern library such as this goes far beyond being simply a container for physical books. As we always believe a new modern library should be, we envisage this will become a “living room” for Shanghai’s citizens bringing them new learning and cultural experiences binding them closer to their own city and the world.
Schmidt Hammer Lassen are one of the world’s leading library architects, having first completed the Renovation and expansion of The Royal Danish Library in Copenhagen in 1999, the Halifax Central Library in Nova Scotia, and the recently completed DOKK1 in Aarhus, which was voted by IFLA (the International Federation of Library Associations) as the Best Public Library in the World in 2016.
Other ongoing Library projects by the practice include the New Central Library for Ningbo in East China due for completion in 2017, the renovation and expansion of the Victoria State Library in Melbourne, Australia and the new Central Library in Christchurch, New Zealand.
Schmidt Hammer Lassen Architects 丹麦SHL建筑事务所
Morten Schmidt (Founding Partner), Chris Hardie (Partner), Rong Lu (Partner), Jing Lin (Project Lead), Steven Morton (Project Lead), Tasha Ye Feng, Michelle Tang, Chencheng Li, Simon Persson, Steven Ying Nien Chen, Bartek Winnicki, Tim Kunkel, Xinghua Zu, Tade Godbersen, Dong Liang, Lukasz Truchalski, Sicong Liu, Beihong Mao, Mavis Lian.
Shanghai Library 上海图书馆（上海科学技术情报研究所）
2016, 1st prize, international competition
Structural Engineer 结构顾问
Schlaich Bergermann Partner (Shanghai & Stuttgart)
Climate & Environmental Engineer 环境顾问
Mechanical & Electrical Engineer机电顾问
Buro Happold (Beijing & London)
Facade Engineer 幕墙顾问
Drees & Sommer (Shanghai & Stuttgart)
Schmidt Hammer Lassen Architects, Beauty & the Bit
Local Collaboration Architect 当地配合建筑院